Information Technology is a one of the emerging computing discipline. Now a days Computers became essential work tools at every level of most organizations, and networked computer systems became the information backbone of organizations.
Information technology refers to undergraduate degree programs that prepare students to meet the computer technology needs of business, government, healthcare, schools, and other kinds of organizations.
IT is a new and rapidly growing field that started as a grassroots response to the practical, everyday needs of business and other organizations. Today, organizations of every kind are dependent on information technology. They need to have appropriate systems in place. These systems must work properly, be secure, and upgraded, maintained, and replaced as appropriate. Employees throughout an organization require support from IT staff that understand computer systems and their software and are committed to solving whatever computer-related problems they might have. Graduates of information technology programs address these needs.
Degree programs in information technology arose because degree programs in the other computing disciplines were not producing an adequate supply of graduates capable of handling these very real needs. IT programs exist to produce graduates who possess the right combination of knowledge and practical, hands-on expertise to take care of both an organization's information technology infrastructure and the people who use it. IT specialists assume responsibility for selecting hardware and software products appropriate for an organization, integrating those products with organizational needs and infrastructure, and installing, customizing, and maintaining those applications for the organization's computer users.
Information technology professionals should be able to work effectively at planning, implementation, configuration, and maintenance of an organization's computing infrastructure.